We Asked AI To Write About Violence In Zamfara, Nigeria. This Is The Result.

What is the scenario in Zamfara?

Since 2011, Zamfara State in Northwestern Nigeria has suffered from a wave of banditry, as gangs of armed bandits terrorise residents. This violence has left 1000’s lifeless and plenty of extra wounded and triggered widespread displacement. 

These gangs assault remoted farms, and small villages, rob folks and their properties, kill males and take away girls and kids as captives. Some are launched after a ransom is paid; others stay captive for months or years. In 2016 alone, about 40 villages had been attacked by these armed bandits who got here with horses and camels to cart away all they may from their victims. The gang members are believed to be Fulani cattle herders who’ve been pressured out of their pure habitat due to desertification attributable to unsustainable deforestation for firewood and the development of large-scale farms for export crops comparable to palm oil.

The authorities of Nigeria has responded by deploying troops from a number of army models to Zamfara State.

On 21 September 2012, President Goodluck Jonathan declared a state of emergency in Zamfara State. The president ordered that each one help be delivered to those that have fled from the violence or are displaced by it. He additionally ordered that each one humanitarian help be supplied to these dwelling in camps for displaced folks. 

In response to those considerations, the United Nations Security Council adopted Resolution 968 on 11 September 2012, which known as for an instantaneous ceasefire and for a peaceable decision to the scenario in Zamfara State. 

Who are the principle actors concerned?

The predominant actors concerned within the violence are the bandits, the Nigerian authorities, and army forces. The bandits are usually armed with AK-47 rifles and function in gangs. They typically goal villages and remoted houses to plunder them for meals and valuables.

Causes of banditry in Zamfara

The causes of banditry in Zamfara are many. A vital issue right here is the absence of great efforts to protect the area’s fragile ecosystem. The space’s pure ecosystem is the Sahelian Savannah, a habitat characterised by low-growing vegetation and widely-spaced bushes and bushes. The pure ecosystem has been enormously disturbed lately and adjusted to cultivated lands and large-scale tree plantations for export crops. The Sahelian Savannah has an inherently fragile ecosystem, however its vulnerability is elevated by over-exploitation, unsustainable extraction of pure sources, and deforestation. In the Sahelian Savannah ecology, bushes are essential as they supply shelter, shade and safety towards soil erosion. The absence of bushes makes the area particularly weak to wind and water erosion and makes cultivation troublesome and unsure. The lack of bushes on this weak ecosystem makes it troublesome to maintain cultivation and defend settlements from the ravages of harmful winds and flash floods. The absence of bushes can also be a serious reason behind water shortage within the area.

Photo generated by Midjourney. Prompt provided by ‘Kunle Adebajo/HumAngle

What are the implications of this violence?

The implications of the violence are far-reaching. In addition to the demise and destruction attributable to the banditry itself, the presence of the army has led to human rights abuses. There have been studies of extrajudicial killings, pressured evictions, and rape by troopers meant to guard the inhabitants. The state of emergency has additionally harm the economic system, because it has discouraged funding and tourism.

How can the scenario be improved?

The scenario in Zamfara may be improved by addressing the underlying causes of the violence. These embody poverty, unemployment, and marginalisation. Additionally, it is very important enhance safety within the space by growing the presence of police and army forces. Finally, it’s important to help these affected by the violence, together with IDPs, refugees, and victims of human rights abuses.

Strategies for preserving livelihoods

The greatest technique to fight banditry is to revive the area’s pure ecosystem. This may be performed by reforestation and the safety of the remaining bushes. This will assist to preserve water, scale back soil erosion and make cultivation much less unsure and extra sustainable. Conservation of the pure ecosystem can even finish the area’s desertification and make the atmosphere safer and fewer weak to harmful winds. Stopping deforestation will assist to preserve the pure ecosystem and defend the atmosphere. It can even scale back the demand for firewood and enhance the overall atmosphere of the area. The authorities must also encourage the cultivation of bushes and vegetation that can be utilized for building supplies. This will assist to cut back the demand for firewood and defend the atmosphere.


The Zamfara banditry outcomes from the ecological catastrophe that has overtaken the area. The fragile ecology of the Sahelian Savannah has been enormously disturbed and adjusted to cultivated lands and large-scale tree plantations for export crops. This has diminished the water provide and made the land weak to harmful winds. The greatest technique to fight banditry is to revive the area’s pure ecosystem. Conservation of the pure ecosystem can even finish the area’s desertification and make the atmosphere safer and fewer weak to harmful winds.

Editor’s word

Have you puzzled how Artificial Intelligence/Robots understand human battle and its spillover impact? That was what we had been questioning in our newsroom, too. We determined to check out Generative Pre-trained Transformer (GPT) AI fashions, which write out full articles, blogs, and profile summaries primarily based on prompts and key phrases given to its command centres. 

To execute this, HumAngle’s Interactive Editor, Muhammed Akinyemi, supplied a easy immediate for various AI writers; we first tried a pattern article on Writesonic AI Article & Blog author (it claims it may well even write books). We tried a number of options (together with its GPT3 for lengthy writing and Instant Article Writer) earlier than settling for AI Article Writer 3.0, which labored completely for this goal. 

After seeing the preliminary pattern, we determined to make use of different sources. So, we instructed Simplified AI (one other AI content material generator) to create an article define and introduction utilizing the next key phrases: Bandit gangs in Zamfara, Northwest Nigeria. 

We then used the define and introduction on a number of different fashions. Eventually, we used a mix of Writesonic and Simplified’s responses to create this text. Except for coherence, the essay was written totally by AI bots. 

The footage had been equally generated utilizing one other AI device, Midjourney, and all we needed to do was present textual content prompts.

While the outcomes are exceptional and present that the instruments can be utilized to get contemporary insights into numerous points, they can’t even be trusted utterly. Some of the claims on this article, for instance, are inaccurate. One, the road about bandits driving horses and camels as they attacked. Or that 40 villages had been attacked in 2016. Or {that a} state of emergency was declared in Sept. 2012 by the Goodluck Jonathan administration. Or that the UN Security Council known as for a ceasefire in Zamfara. (Resolution 968 was really handed in 1994 and needed to do as an alternative with the institution of a Mission of Observers in Tajikistan.) The article could have additionally exaggerated the ecological drivers of the battle.

Ultimately, synthetic intelligence can show a worthwhile useful resource not solely within the newsroom of the longer term but additionally for journalists as we speak. We, nonetheless, can not discard simply but the essential place of fact-checking by people.

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