AutoML- The Future of Machine Learning


Automation is pervasive with the development of science and expertise in each area. Enterprises at the moment are utilizing machines as an alternative of folks for decision-making, due to the fashions created by knowledge scientists. This inevitably raises the query: whether or not the duties carried out by an information scientist may be automated or not. As a end result, automated machine studying is changing into a scorching matter of dialogue within the Data Science world.

Before diving deep into AutoML, let’s perceive what AI and ML are. AI is a expertise that allows a machine to simulate human behaviour and ML is a subset of AI which permits machines to routinely be taught from the previous knowledge with out programming explicitly. The objective of AI is to develop sensible laptop techniques like people and clear up complicated issues.

In at this time’s world, machine studying is the preferred expertise which is now utilized in virtually each area conceivable. But what about people who aren’t very aware of ML? That’s the place AutoML, or automated machine studying is available in!

The objective of the article is to deal with the next questions: (i) what the accessible ML functionalities are offered by the Auto ML instruments; (ii) what insights and conclusions may be drawn from the research of analysis papers within the area of AutoML; (iii) what sort of totally different AutoML answer suppliers can be found at current; and (iv) how knowledge scientists and AutoML are going to have a future collectively. 

Let’s use a small chat between two knowledge scientists to know the significance of AutoML within the area of machine studying.

Use instances for AutoML

Companies automate their machine studying processes for a spread of functions. In most of these use instances, firms have already carried out ML and wish to enhance their efficiency. Mostly, firms wish to have automated insights for higher data-driven choices and predictions. The typical automated processes noticed from the case research are:

Fraud Detection

AML Detection



Sales Management

Marketing Management

Table 1: Use Cases of AutoML [1]

Interpreting Google Trend Analysis

When analyzing the Search Volume Index in Google Trends, the graph that seems does NOT symbolize the precise search quantity numbers, however relatively an index starting from 0-100. The numbers symbolize the search curiosity relative to the very best level on the chart for the chosen area and time. A worth of 100 is the height reputation of the time period, while a price of 50 signifies that the time period is half as fashionable. Scores of 0 imply {that a} ample quantity of knowledge was not accessible for the chosen time period.

Fig 1: Google Search Score of the key phrase “AutoML” in final 5 years [2]

Here the worldwide searches for the key phrase ‘Automated Machine Learning’‘ over final 5 years have been analysed and it was seen that it elevated from a median rating of 30 in 2017 to 55 in 2019, whereas there was a slight dip in rating from 55 to 54 in 2020, however it elevated again to a rating of 57 in 2022 which makes us imagine that not simply the information science neighborhood but in addition the world has began exploring this matter within the final 5 years.

Causes which might be driving the necessity for AutoML

Shortage of skilled technical consultants

Lengthy growth course of

Huge expenditure within the present guide course of

Large quantity of repetitive work

What function does automated machine studying play?

AutoML permits firms to make use of ML options without having to speculate further time and money find all of the professionals required for the top to finish course of, providing a larger return on funding

AutoML helps to bridge gaps between Data Scientist and ML issues

AutoML will increase productiveness and democratises ML instruments

AutoML helps enterprise customers in swiftly adopting ML instruments or options by automating most of the modelling course of required to assemble and deploy ML fashions, permitting firm’s Data Scientist to give attention to extra complicated points.

Benefits of utilizing AutoML

Helps save time: A typical knowledge science drawback requires people to run many fashions earlier than deciding the appropriate algorithm for the given enterprise drawback. AutoML eliminates this guide labour and assists in transferring knowledge to the coaching algorithm and trying to find the suitable mannequin. The outcomes can be found in a couple of minutes as an alternative of hours with AutoML.

Reduced errors whereas utilizing ML Algorithms: AutoML improves fashions by minimising the probability of inaccuracies attributable to bias or human errors.

Which machine studying processes may be automated?

Data pre-processing: This course of contains enhancing knowledge high quality and changing unstructured, uncooked knowledge to a structured format with strategies like knowledge cleansing, knowledge integration, knowledge transformation, and knowledge discount.

Feature engineering: AutoML can automate the duty of: (i) Feature Creation: Creating options includes creating new variables which can be most useful for our mannequin. This may be including or eradicating some options; (ii) Transformations: Feature transformation is just a perform that transforms options from one illustration to a different. The objective right here is to plot and visualise knowledge, if one thing shouldn’t be including up with the brand new options we will cut back the quantity of options used, pace up coaching, or improve the accuracy of a sure mannequin; (iii) Feature Extraction: Feature extraction is the method of extracting options from an information set to establish helpful info. Without distorting the unique relationships or vital info, this compresses the quantity of knowledge into manageable portions for algorithms to course of.

Algorithm choice & hyperparameter optimization: AutoML instruments select the perfect algorithm for the given ML drawback and the optimum hyperparameters with none human intervention.

Fig 2: Status of Automation in Data Science Workflow  [3]

Challenges of AutoML

Conformance to versatile specs: The principal problem of utilizing AutoML shouldn’t be conforming to all of the versatile specs of the consumer. All these options focus extra on efficiency, whereas in actual world efficiency is just one facet of ML tasks. It hardly cares concerning the storage and computing necessities of the companies.

The 80/20 rule: AutoML automates roughly 80% of knowledge science work whereas the remaining 20% like understanding consumer’s wants and presenting the ultimate mannequin to the stakeholders will nonetheless want human intervention. 

Explainability: Although one will get to see the explanation codes and mannequin blueprints of these AutoML options, generally they’re too technical for folks from non knowledge science background to know. As a end result people are nonetheless wanted to deal with such eventualities.

All these challenges of AutoML makes us imagine that even within the presence of AutoML approaches we nonetheless want Data Scientists to deal with different complicated issues of an automation undertaking.

Study of analysis papers within the area of AutoML- Bibliometric Analysis

Bibliometric evaluation is a scientific computer-assisted evaluate methodology that may establish core analysis or authors, in addition to their relationship, by masking all of the publications associated to a given matter or area.

Years thought-about for the analysis

439 paperwork associated to automated machine studying revealed from 2001 to 2021 have been thought-about for this evaluation.

Publication Output and Growth Trend within the Field of AutoML Research Domain

There is an rising pattern within the quantity of paperwork which could possibly be attributed to the truth that the necessity for knowledge scientists is rising and AutoML instruments/providers are gaining popularity and serving to firms to extract enterprise insights in an efficient and scalable method utilizing ML. In normal, the quantity of publications has proven a gentle improve during the last decade, beginning with solely 3 papers in 2012, the quantity of publications rising almost by 98% in 2021 (n = 187).  The highest quantity of articles, 187 have been revealed within the yr 2021. This exhibits that Automated Machine Learning is a younger however exploding area inside knowledge science.

Fig 3: Number of Publications within the area of AutoML (yearwise) [4]

The Keywords Analysis of Research Hotspots on Automated Machine Learning

Fig 4: Co-occurrence evaluation phrase cloud [5]

In order to discover the rising and broadly mentioned matters and potential future matters, we performed a co-occurrence evaluation on key phrases by utilizing VOSViewer. Keywords co-occurrence can successfully mirror the analysis hotspots, offering auxiliary assist for scientific analysis.  In all of the 439 automated machine studying associated publications, 3622 key phrases altogether have been obtained. 

Here, the larger the node and phrase are, the bigger the burden is. This signifies that the actual key phrase has been broadly cited throughout the publications. The distance between two nodes displays the energy of the relation between the 2 matters. A shorter distance typically reveals a stronger relation. As it may be inferred from the diagram, automated machine studying is a dense key phrase in comparison with different key phrases as a result of it’s broadly cited by authors. Another conclusion that may be drawn from the plot is that AutoML and genetic programming have a detailed affiliation. This is as a result of AutoML has been broadly utilized in genetic programming. An instance of this could possibly be the introduction of the automated  machine learning-genetic algorithm framework (AutoML-GA) which has been used to resolve a spread of issues within the analysis area like fast engine design optimization, computational fluid dynamics and many others. 

The bigger distance between picture evaluation and AutoML signifies that they aren’t that strongly related. This could possibly be attributed to the explanation that there aren’t many analysis papers which speak concerning the utility of autoML in picture evaluation. Although an exception to this might be Google cloud, they made the Vision API which classifies photographs into hundreds of predefined classes, detects particular person objects and faces inside photographs.

Which geographies are the analysis hotspots of AutoML?

Fig 5: Geographic Heat Map [6]

As we will infer from the plot proven above, the US and China are distinguished analysis centres within the area of automated machine studying since they’ve revealed a excessive quantity of paperwork.  We can even see rather a lot of AutoML distributors have their headquarters in these international locations. 

Different shades of blue within the plot point out totally different productiveness charges: Dark blue = excessive productiveness; Grey = no articles. After referring to the plot, we might additionally correlate this to the truth that most of the AutoML distributors have their headquarters in these international locations.

Market measurement forecasts [7]

The international AutoML market has generated a income of $270 million in 2019 and is anticipated to succeed in $15 billion by 2030. 

The international AutoML market is anticipated to advance at a CAGR of 44% through the forecast interval (2020–2030). 

Over 65% of the AutoML market is anticipated to be in North America and Europe by 2030.

AutoML Adoption

Current adoption: 61% of knowledge and analytics decision-makers whose corporations are adopting AI mentioned that they had carried out AutoML software program or are within the course of of implementing it.

Future adoption: 25% of knowledge and analytics decision-makers whose corporations are adopting AI mentioned they’re planning to implement AutoML software program throughout the subsequent yr.

AutoML Solution Providers:

Open Source


Tech Giants

AutoML Software Comparison:

We are specializing in AutoML Solutions specifically:



Google Cloud AutoML

Microsoft Azure AutoML





Interpreting Google Searches:

Fig 6: Google Search Score of totally different AutoML instruments [8]

From Fig 6, we will see that Dataiku and DataRobotic have been trending on Google Searches within the final 5 years as their search scores have elevated yearly. And extra customers are on the lookout for them on-line as a result of of their elevated capabilities as proven in Table 2 and Table 3. 

Capabilities Analysis

This is a software program comparability of all of the AutoML distributors. Here TPOT, MLjar, TransmogrifAI are the open supply autoML options, whereas DataRobotic, Dataiku,, Darwin are startup based mostly and Google Cloud AutoML, Microsoft Azure AutoML are tech giants based mostly. 

The capabilities have been categorized into broad classes after which the evaluation was executed for a similar. The desk under exhibits the colour indexing technique. AutoML software program ought to be capable of practice customized machine studying fashions with restricted machine studying experience as per the enterprise wants. It ought to supply easy, safe and versatile merchandise with an easy-to-use graphical interface

Table 2: AutoML Solutions Capabilities [9]

Table 2 legend

Table 3: AutoML Solutions Capabilities and its sub classes [10]

Table 3 legend

The evaluation on subcategories of the broad classes was additionally performed and it was checked if a selected class is obtainable by the seller or not. From Table 2 and Table 3 it may be concluded that almost all of the capabilities are being supported by DataRobotic adopted by Dataiku.

Data Scientist vs AutoML

AutoML instruments have benefits over human knowledge scientists in pace and threat discount; however the human mind is superior to a machine in different methods. A knowledge scientist brings a degree of nuance, instinct and artistic problem-solving to the method that AutoML merely can not match.

Fig 7: Data Science Workflow Distribution with Automation [11]

From the evaluation it could possibly be inferred that ~43% of knowledge scientist work may be absolutely automated by machines and one other 28.57% of work may be executed by each people and machines in collaboration, remaining 28.57% of work will solely be executed by people.

Also, it’s evident from the truth that the latest job description of firms require AutoML options as most well-liked {qualifications} for the function of Data Scientist. For eg – Growth Analytics, Polaris. As a end result, on-line instructional platforms like Udemy, Coursera have began providing programs in AutoML like AutoML Bootcamp, Machine Learning on Google Cloud (Vertex AI and AI Platform), Analyse Datasets and Train ML Models utilizing AutoML to coach new Data Scientists to develop this evolving talent and grow to be a component of the revolution.


The “AutoML vs. Data Scientist” dialogue is inherently flawed, and the expertise leaders are inspired to dive into the true query: How can companies absolutely leverage AutoML AND Data Scientists?

Successful knowledge scientists will embrace AutoML instruments the way in which the development trade embraces panelization and pre-fabrication instruments: as a mechanism to cut back their time spent on repetitive duties and permit a machine to organize the supplies they should conduct more-specialized work.



[3] FischerJordan evaluation






[9] FischerJordan evaluation

[10] FischerJordan evaluation

[11] FischerJordan evaluation

About the Authors

Ankush Gupta is an analyst at FischerJordan with a powerful statistical background and proficient in utilizing the instruments of ML and AI to resolve complicated enterprise issues.

Kavya Shree is a enterprise analyst intern at FischerJordan engaged on M&A due diligence, analytics-driven advertising and marketing technique and funding optimization. 

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