Artificial intelligence can be used to better monitor Maine’s forests — ScienceDaily

Monitoring and measuring forest ecosystems is a posh problem due to an present mixture of softwares, assortment methods and computing environments that require rising quantities of vitality to energy. The University of Maine’s Wireless Sensor Networks (WiSe-Net) laboratory has developed a novel methodology of utilizing synthetic intelligence and machine studying to make monitoring soil moisture extra vitality and price environment friendly — one that might be used to make measuring extra environment friendly throughout the broad forest ecosystems of Maine and past.
Soil moisture is a vital variable in forested and agricultural ecosystems alike, significantly beneath the current drought circumstances of previous Maine summers. Despite the sturdy soil moisture monitoring networks and enormous, freely out there databases, the price of business soil moisture sensors and the ability that they use to run can be prohibitive for researchers, foresters, farmers and others monitoring the well being of the land.
Along with researchers on the University of New Hampshire and University of Vermont, UMaine’s WiSe-Net designed a wi-fi sensor community that makes use of synthetic intelligence to learn the way to be extra energy environment friendly in monitoring soil moisture and processing the info. The analysis was funded by a grant from the National Science Foundation.
“AI can be taught from the surroundings, predict the wi-fi hyperlink high quality and incoming photo voltaic vitality to effectively use restricted vitality and make a strong low price community run longer and extra reliably,” says Ali Abedi, principal investigator of the current research and professor {of electrical} and pc engineering on the University of Maine.
The software program learns over time how to make the most effective use of accessible community sources, which helps produce energy environment friendly methods at a decrease price for giant scale monitoring in contrast to the present trade requirements.
WiSe-Net additionally collaborated with Aaron Weiskittel, director of the Center for Research on Sustainable Forests, to be certain that all {hardware} and software program analysis is knowledgeable by the science and tailor-made to the analysis wants.
“Soil moisture is a major driver of tree development, however it adjustments quickly, each day by day in addition to seasonally,” Weiskittel says. “We have lacked the power to monitor successfully at scale. Historically, we used costly sensors that collected at fastened intervals — each minute, for instance — however weren’t very dependable. A less expensive and extra sturdy sensor with wi-fi capabilities like this actually opens the door for future purposes for researchers and practitioners alike.”
The research was printed Aug. 9, 2022, within the Springer’s International Journal of Wireless Information Networks.
Although the system designed by the researchers focuses on soil moisture, the identical methodology may be prolonged to different sorts of sensors, like ambient temperature, snow depth and extra, in addition to scaling up the networks with extra sensor nodes.
“Real-time monitoring of various variables requires totally different sampling charges and energy ranges. An AI agent can be taught these and modify the info assortment and transmission frequency accordingly slightly than sampling and sending each single information level, which isn’t as environment friendly,” Abedi says.
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Materials supplied by University of Maine. Note: Content might be edited for model and size.

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