Use of AI in medicine raises ethical, legal issues: NTU medical school dean

SINGAPORE – Artificial intelligence (AI) and robotics have led to some developments in medicine, comparable to quicker and extra correct diagnostic instruments.
But there are lots of moral and legal points that should be resolved earlier than these applied sciences will be carried out in the sphere extra broadly, mentioned Professor Joseph Sung, dean of the Lee Kong Chian School of Medicine on the Nanyang Technological University, on Saturday (July 23).
These moral and legal points embody how to make sure sufferers’ private knowledge is used in a method that respects their privateness, and who ought to bear duty for mishaps or mistreatment due to make use of of AI-enabled instruments.

“If we do not know how you can use know-how in the suitable method, we can be taken over and this may lead humankind to catastrophe,” he mentioned on the Grand Copthorne Waterfront Hotel through the annual induction ceremony of the Academy of Medicine, Singapore (AMS).
During the ceremony, the AMS conferred the title of Honorary Fellow on President Halimah Yacob in recognition of her contributions to Singapore and the academy, the place she serves as its patron.
Madam Halimah additionally witnessed the induction of 105 new fellows of the academy.

In his speech, Prof Sung famous how AI and robotics have permeated into many points of life, together with the sphere of medicine, the place they’ve impacted clinicians and healthcare suppliers, the healthcare system itself, and the neighborhood.

For occasion, image-based AI instruments for analysis are used in many scientific specialities, Prof Sung mentioned.
He added that these instruments can inform if a development is a malignant or benign lesion, predict the prognosis, and components comparable to whether or not or not the affected person is probably going to reply to chemotherapy or different therapies.
“Artificial intelligence can assist us to enhance effectivity and allocation of assets as a result of they’ll predict the most important burdens of healthcare and the result of people who’ve most cancers, diabetes or different continual diseases,” Prof Sung mentioned.

“This is essential for policymakers to determine the place the healthcare assets needs to be allotted.”
These applied sciences can even enhance private care, empowering sufferers to take care of themselves utilizing wearable gadgets, for instance, and see a physician when there are abnormalities detected.
But regardless of breakthroughs in AI and robotics, the adoption of options based mostly on these applied sciences is gradual, Prof Sung famous.
Data privateness is one concern, Prof Sung mentioned, noting that extra personal and private knowledge about individuals’s well being, biology and life is being generated than ever earlier than.

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