Wiley shuts 19 scholarly journals amid AI paper mill problem • The Register

US publishing home Wiley this week discontinued 19 scientific journals overseen by its Hindawi subsidiary, the middle of a long-running scholarly publishing scandal.
In December 2023 Wiley introduced it could cease utilizing the Hindawi model, acquired in 2021, following its choice in May 2023 to close 4 of its journals “to mitigate in opposition to systematic manipulation of the publishing course of.”
Hindawi’s journals had been discovered to be publishing papers from paper mills – organizations or teams of people who attempt to subvert the tutorial publishing course of for monetary acquire. Over the previous two years, a Wiley spokesperson instructed The Register, the writer has retracted greater than 11,300 papers from its Hindawi portfolio.

As described in a Wiley-authored white paper revealed final December, “Tackling publication manipulation at scale: Hindawi’s journey and classes for tutorial publishing,” paper mills depend on varied unethical practices – similar to the usage of AI in manuscript fabrication and picture manipulations, and gaming the peer evaluate course of.

The Hindawi affair coincided with the departure of Wiley president and CEO Brian Napack in October, 2023. In its fiscal Q2 2024 earnings report (*19*) final December, Wiley admitted its $18 million decline in analysis publishing income was “primarily because of the Hindawi publishing disruption.”
In January, Wiley signed on to United2Act – an trade initiative to fight paper mills.

But the priority over scholarly analysis integrity is not confined to Wiley publications. A examine revealed in Nature final July suggests as many as 1 / 4 of medical trials are problematic or fully fabricated.
The rising availability and class of generative AI isn’t the one issue contributing to the tutorial publishing disaster, however AI instruments make fakery simpler.
“The trade acknowledges that AI is utilized by paper mills to generate fraudulent content material,” Wiley’s spokesperson instructed us. “We’ve lately launched a brand new screening know-how that helps determine papers with potential misuse of generative AI earlier than the purpose of publication.”

According to a preprint paper launched in February, the amount of papers submitted to ArXiv elevated significantly within the prime three classes between 2019 and 2023 – a interval that roughly coincides with the debut of instruments like ChatGPT. Computer science papers elevated by 200 p.c throughout these 4 years, adopted by physics papers (45 p.c) and arithmetic (22 p.c).

Academic publishers, nevertheless, seem to need the advantages of AI writing help with out the downsides. Springer Nature, for instance, final October launched Curie – an AI-powered writing assistant meant to assist scientists whose first language isn’t English. Hence requires higher instruments (*19*) to detect generative AI output – a name answered by current efforts to enhance AI content material watermarking – which some researchers argue will not work.
A Wiley spokesperson characterised the choice to close the 19 journals as a part of its beforehand introduced plan to combine the Hindawi and Wiley portfolios, and distinct from the paper mill subject.
“As a part of this integration, and as is normal follow, we reviewed our journal portfolio and determined to shut 19 Hindawi journals that now not serve their communities,” the spokesperson instructed The Register.
“It is vital to attract a distinction between the journal closures occurring now as a part of our portfolio integration and the 4 journals closed in May 2023. The journals closed in May 2023 had been closely impacted by paper mills to such an extent it was in the most effective curiosity of the scholarly group to discontinue them instantly.”
Meanwhile, in Wiley’s fiscal Q3 2024 earnings report, the writer famous that income for its studying division is predicted to be towards the upper finish of projections resulting from “This fall content material rights offers for coaching AI fashions.” ®


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