New Femtosecond Laser Percussion Drilling Process Proposed

By Surbhi JainAug 4 2022Reviewed by Susha Cheriyedath, M.Sc.
In a pre-proof article just lately revealed within the journal Optics & Lasers Technology, researchers mentioned the utility of machine studying and molecular dynamics within the optimization of the multistage femtosecond laser drilling course of.

Study: Optimization of multistage femtosecond laser drilling course of utilizing machine studying coupled with molecular dynamics. Image Credit: RUl8let/

Femtosecond Laser Percussion Drilling

Due to its excessive accuracy, excessive effectivity, and minimal thermal harm, femtosecond laser drilling is turning into more and more common throughout numerous engineering sectors.

In important manufacturing industries, femtosecond laser percussion drilling is ceaselessly employed as a reliable micro-hole processing method. However, the laser percussion drilling methodology nonetheless faces a number of difficulties, considerably decreasing the micro-holes’ precision and caliber. Laser machining has a sophisticated variable system, making the worldwide quantitative optimization of the processing parameters for laser machining difficult.

Theoretical calculations, resembling molecular dynamics (MD) and the two-temperature mannequin (TTM), lead the optimization course of. For advanced drilling strategies, a extra thorough tiered strategy is required. Unfortunately, TTM-molecular dynamics can’t provide any extra direct quantitative recommendation for course of design or optimization as a great mannequin.

Machine Learning in Laser Material Processing

Recently, machine studying and international optimization algorithms have change into extensively utilized within the area of laser materials processing to realize high-efficiency and low-cost course of optimization, overcoming the shortcomings of the traditional trial and error approaches or bodily fashions. Because machine studying can analyze information, it’s attainable to construct a fast and exact correlation between laser parameters (inputs) and goal machining efficiency (outputs). Consequently, machine studying and optimization algorithms are reliable approaches for course of optimization (together with drilling) in laser materials processing.

In this research, the authors proposed a course of optimization framework incorporating machine studying, molecular dynamics simulation, and a high-throughput optimization algorithm for femtosecond laser percussion drilling course of optimization.

The information set utilized to coach the machine studying mannequin was enriched by the bodily info found by molecular dynamics, which lowered the quantity of information wanted.

High-throughput optimization algorithms have been answerable for selecting the very best course of within the course of house after the quick and dependable institution of the regression mannequin between goal machining efficiency and laser parameters.

Novel Four-Stage Drilling Process

For femtosecond laser percussion drilling, a novel four-stage drilling course of was introduced and optimized, using the coupled course of optimization framework to beat effectivity and high quality challenges. The experimental validation confirmed the reliability of the optimized methodology for the Ni-based single crystal superalloy. The framework may very well be expanded to different advanced methods to implement course of optimization in laser materials processing know-how with low price and excessive effectivity.

The crew mixed a TTM-molecular dynamics mannequin, machine studying, and a high-throughput optimization algorithm to supply an optimization technique for the femtosecond laser machining course of. The urged methodology optimized a four-stage femtosecond laser percussion drilling course of, which considerably improved the fabric removing charge and the recast layer.

The four-stage femtosecond laser percussion drilling course of was efficiently constructed utilizing the coupling course of optimization framework, and the processing high quality and effectivity of micro-holes have been enormously enhanced. Furthermore, experiments have been used to verify the robustness of the optimized process.

Efficiency of the Proposed Four-Stage Drilling Process

The taper diploma was decreased to 2.19°, and the designed plan’s materials removing charge and recast layer thickness have been 2.61 x 108 μm3/s and a pair of.03 μm, respectively.

The addition of bodily information from TTM-molecular dynamics considerably raised the machine studying mannequin’s predictive accuracy and ensured the method design’s dependability.

Ideas for resolving the difficulty of small samples have been offered by the dependable bodily variables provided by the bodily mannequin. These options may very well be utilized to extra refined laser processing strategies. It was additionally possible to completely comprehend the bodily significance of the optimized course of because of the addition of bodily variables.

According to the statistical outcomes of the optimized course of bodily components, it was acceptable to ensure probably the most important variety of clusters, vapor-phase atoms, ablation ratio, and the smallest common cluster dimension at every drilling step.

A phased drilling technique led by machine studying was required instead of conventional drilling know-how, as seen by the distinction in ablation conduct and closing micro-hole high quality. To maximize the standard and effectiveness of micro-holes, extra research may very well be directed towards the machine learning-led femtosecond laser drilling methodology with regularly altering course of parameters.


This research elucidated a femtosecond laser machining course of optimization framework that mixed TTM-molecular dynamics, machine studying, and a high-throughput optimization algorithm.

The urged framework was efficiently used to optimize a brand new, four-stage femtosecond laser percussion drilling method, enhancing high quality and effectivity.

The authors talked about that this research’s coupling framework gives a viable strategy for optimizing efficient and reasonably priced advanced laser processing know-how.

They said {that a} machine studying mannequin have to be skilled utilizing a big quantity of experimental information. These drawbacks considerably constrain the widespread use of machine studying in laser machining. It additionally makes laser machining processing modifications costly and inefficient.

The researchers emphasised that this research considerably decreased the info wanted to coach a machine studying mannequin utilizing a molecular dynamics mannequin to offer intermediate parameters. Therefore, the processing modification of laser machining is considerably simpler and reasonably priced owing to the proposed design methodology.


Wang, C., Zhang, Z., Jing, X., et al. (2022) Optimization of multistage femtosecond laser drilling course of utilizing machine studying coupled with molecular dynamics. Optics and Lasers Technology. 108442.
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